Single Pair Ethernet (SPE) is a future-oriented technology for the communication of electrical or electronic components and machines. In industrial applications, it is the key to efficient and cost-effective data transmission from the sensor to the cloud.
Depending on the data rate, transmission lengths of up to 1,000 m are possible for the first time. Due to the large range and the uniform communication level, single pair Ethernet is therefore generally regarded as the key in the transition to IIoT and Industry 4.0. The advantages are clear: The use of only two contacts instead of four or eight as previously reduces costs, saves space, weight and time during assembly. And the reduced number of wires also minimises errors that can potentially occur during assembly.
Due to constantly increasing requirements for data transmission in automobiles, single pair Ethernet found its origin in the automotive industry and is already being used successfully there. In contrast to the industry, which follows the IEC 63171 standard regarding connectors, there is no standardisation here. However, it is certain that Single Pair Ethernet will open up more and more areas of application in the future due to its properties and will become more widespread in its use